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In relation to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), early intervention encompasses a proactive and thorough strategy, seeking to deliver precise assistance and therapies to young children with autism, ideally prior to reaching three years of age.
Autism is something doctors can find in children before they turn 2, and some children who were developing normally might start displaying autism related problems around the age 2. When they're this young, toddlers can benefit more from early interventions than at later ages.
Getting help early doesn't just help kids start strong, it also gives them the best chance to learn and grow. Experts now say that as soon as autism is noticed, kids should start getting help right away.
They can be delivered in a variety of settings, including home, school, and community-based programs. Early intervention programs for autism typically focus on the following areas:
There are several early interventions possible, based on the child's needs and the goals of the program. Some of them are:
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Occupational Therapy (OT)
Developmental and Relationship-Based Approaches (DIR)
Early Start Denver Model (ESDM)
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
Social Skills Groups
Sensory Integration Therapy
TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and Communication-related Handicapped Children)
Empower parents and caregivers in your network by sharing the knowledge you have gained in this blog. Here are a few things you can do:
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): National Autism Center: www.nationalautismcenter.org Association for Behavior Analysis International: www.abainternational.org
Speech Therapy: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA): www.asha.org National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD): www.nidcd.nih.gov
Occupational Therapy (OT): American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA): www.aota.org; World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT): www.wfot.org
Developmental and Relationship-Based Approaches (DIR): Interdisciplinary Council on Development and Learning (ICDL): www.icdl.com; Profectum Foundation: www.profectum.org
Early Start Denver Model (ESDM): UC Davis MIND Institute: health.ucdavis.edu/mindinstitute
Floortime: The Floortime Center: www.floortime.org
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS): Pyramid Educational Consultants: www.pecsusa.com
Social Skills Groups: Social Thinking: www.socialthinking.com; The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders: www.autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu
Sensory Integration Therapy: STAR Institute for Sensory Processing Disorder: www.spdstar.org
TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and Communication-related Handicapped Children): TEACCH Autism Program: teacch.com
National Research Council, Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism. (2001). Educating Children With Autism. Lord, C., McGee, J. P., eds. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
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Frye, R., Slattery, J., Delhey, L. et al. Folinic acid improves verbal communication in children with autism and language impairment: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Mol Psychiatry 23, 247–256 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2016.168
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